Refers to the treatment of children. The primary teeth (milk) despite being temporary are very important because they keep the space for the eruption of permanent teeth in addition to their aesthetic and masticatory function. It is very important to teach children early on to take care of their mouth. So they will have good habits that will last a lifetime. Parents should teach children to brush their teeth after meals, flossing and having a balanced diet.
The best prevention is to have good oral hygiene habits early in life. It is advised to clean the baby's gums with a swab, before the eruption of teeth, so your baby gets used to clean the mouth. After the eruption of teeth a toothbrush should be used. Do not let the baby fall asleep with the bottle because the milk has sugars that if left too long in the mouth will cause tooth decay.
Health professionals can apply fissure sealants to prevent tooth decay. The fissure sealants are applied to the occlusal (chewing) faces of the posterior teeth, since these surfaces can retain food debris making these teeth susceptible to dental caries.
The Fluoride is beneficial even before the teeth erupted as it strengthens the enamel when the tooth is formed. We must take into account if the water contains fluoride and in this case fluoride supplements may not be necessary. It´s also very important the topical fluoride so it is recommended brushing with a fluoride toothpaste or a fluoride rinse.
When babies are born almost all the deciduous teeth are formed but are still within the gum. Usually the lower incisors begin to erupt around of 6 months of age. At 36 months should have already 20 teeth in the deciduous dentition. The deciduous dentition typically presents spaces between teeth, which is beneficial because it ensures space for permanent teeth.
When a deciduous tooth is lost prematurely, teeth can occupy the space adjacent to the lost tooth causing problems with the proper eruption of permanent teeth. In such cases it is advisable to place a space maintainer to maintain the space until the permanent teeth erupt.